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Clin Chest Med. 2013 Sep;34(3):365-71. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2013.03.004. Epub 2013 Jul 23.

Lung cancer screening: past, present and future.

Author information

1
Division of Oncology, Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO 80206, USA. FiniganJ@NJHealth.org

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for men and women. Most lung cancer cases are diagnosed at an advanced stage, when cure is no longer an option; this heavily influences mortality. Historically, attempts at lung cancer screening using chest x-rays and sputum cytology have failed to influence lung cancer mortality. However, the recent National Lung Screening Trial demonstrated that low-dose computed tomography screening for lung cancer decreases mortality. This article outlines the history of lung cancer screening, the current state of screening and possible future adjuncts to screening.

KEYWORDS:

Chest radiograph; Low-dose computed tomography; Lung cancer screening; National Lung Screening Trial

PMID:
23993809
PMCID:
PMC4102106
DOI:
10.1016/j.ccm.2013.03.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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