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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2013 Oct;170(2):550-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.08.010. Epub 2013 Aug 12.

Regression of the inflammatory microenvironment of the peritoneal cavity in women with endometriosis by GnRHa treatment.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Inselspital, University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland. Electronic address: kw.nirgianakis@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) on the peritoneal fluid microenvironment in women with endometriosis.

STUDY DESIGN:

Peritoneal fluid was collected from 85 women with severe endometriosis (rAFS stage III and IV) during laparoscopic surgery during the proliferative phase. Prior to surgery clinical data were collected. The concentrations of specific markers for endometriosis in the peritoneal fluid were determined using an ELISA and a comparison between peritoneal fluid markers in women using GnRHa and no hormonal treatment was performed using a non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test.

RESULTS:

The study included peritoneal fluid from 39 patients who had been administered GnRHa (Zoladex(®)) in the three months prior to surgery and 46 from women with no hormonal treatment in this period. Concentrations of IL-8, PAPP-A, glycodelin-A and midkine were significantly reduced in the GnRHa treatment group compared to women receiving no hormonal treatment. RANTES, MCP-1, ENA-78, TNF-α, OPG, IP-10 and defensin showed no significant change between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

GnRHa mediate a significant regression in the inflammatory nature of the peritoneal microenvironment in women with endometriosis.

KEYWORDS:

Cytokines; Endometriosis; GnRH agonists; Peritoneal fluid

PMID:
23993133
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.08.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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