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Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2013 Oct;61(5):429-35. doi: 10.1016/j.respe.2013.05.023. Epub 2013 Aug 28.

[Weaning before the age of 6 months in Marrakech: associated factors and prevalence].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service d'épidémiologie, laboratoire PCIM, faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, université Cadi Ayyad, CHU Mohammed VI, Marrakech, Maroc. Electronic address: l.adarmouch@hotmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In Morocco breastfeeding has become a declining practice. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of weaning before the age of 6 months and to identify associated factors.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 400 mothers of infants aged 0 to 24 months. Participants were recruited from patients attending 40 randomly selected general practices in Marrakech. A trained interviewer administered a questionnaire to collect data on breastfeeding practice and factors associated with it. Early weaning was defined as a cessation of breastfeeding before the age of 6 months and was studied in mother-child couples whose infants were aged 6 months and older. Three binary logistic regression models were used to model the probability that an infant aged 6 months or more is weaned early.

RESULTS:

Breastfeeding was initiated by the majority of respondents (97.5%). Early weaning was observed in 75 infants (28% of registered weaning). Factors associated with early weaning were: mother having an occupational activity (Odds Ratio [OR]=2.09; 95% confidence interval [CI]: [1.07-4.06]), caesarean delivery (OR=4.15; 95% CI: [1.74-9.88]) and the fact that the pregnancy was desired (OR=0.19; 95% CI: [0.05-0.68]).

CONCLUSION:

Weaning before 6 months of age is a common practice in our context. Identifying factors associated with early weaning is critical to promote breastfeeding.

KEYWORDS:

Allaitement maternel; Breast feeding; Infant; Maroc; Morocco; Nourrisson; Sevrage; Weaning

PMID:
23993045
DOI:
10.1016/j.respe.2013.05.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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