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Ren Fail. 2013;35(10):1348-52. doi: 10.3109/0886022X.2013.828260. Epub 2013 Sep 2.

Slowing the progression of chronic kidney disease: comparison between predialysis and dialysis in Jordanian patients.

Author information

1
Clinical Nursing Department, College of Nursing, The University of Jordan , Amman , Jordan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has increased worldwide; however, data regarding the prevalence of CKD in Jordan are limited. Therefore, the present study investigated the associated risk factors of both CKD and ESRD in Jordanian patients.

METHODS:

A convenience sample of 161 patients with CKD (n = 92) and ESRD (n = 69) was recruited through randomly selected hospitals from the governmental, private and educational sectors in Jordan. A sociodemographic data and behavioral variables (exercise frequency per week, body mass index, and smoking status) were collected and compared between the two groups to obtain the needed information.

RESULTS:

ESRD in amounted to relatively 68% in males and 52% in the unmarried patients (p = 0.01). In addition, patients with poor physical activity were more likely to be on the postdialysis phase. Patients with ESRD were characterized with low BMI when compared with patients CKD (t = 3.1, p = 0.004).

CONCLUSION:

National CKD and ESRD risk assessment is important in considering primary prevention for CKD progression. At the front line in health care, the nurse can play a vital role in assessing patient's risk for renal disease progression.

PMID:
23992491
DOI:
10.3109/0886022X.2013.828260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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