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Inorg Chem. 2013 Sep 16;52(18):10467-80. doi: 10.1021/ic4013558. Epub 2013 Aug 30.

Synthesis and ligand non-innocence of thiolate-ligated (N4S) Iron(II) and nickel(II) bis(imino)pyridine complexes.

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Department of Chemistry, The Johns Hopkins University , 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, United States.


The known iron(II) complex [Fe(II)(LN3S)(OTf)] (1) was used as starting material to prepare the new biomimetic (N4S(thiolate)) iron(II) complexes [Fe(II)(LN3S)(py)](OTf) (2) and [Fe(II)(LN3S)(DMAP)](OTf) (3), where LN3S is a tetradentate bis(imino)pyridine (BIP) derivative with a covalently tethered phenylthiolate donor. These complexes were characterized by X-ray crystallography, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopic analysis, (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and Mössbauer spectroscopy, as well as electrochemistry. A nickel(II) analogue, [Ni(II)(LN3S)](BF4) (5), was also synthesized and characterized by structural and spectroscopic methods. Cyclic voltammetric studies showed 1-3 and 5 undergo a single reduction process with E(1/2) between -0.9 V to -1.2 V versus Fc(+)/Fc. Treatment of 3 with 0.5% Na/Hg amalgam gave the monoreduced complex [Fe(LN3S)(DMAP)](0) (4), which was characterized by X-ray crystallography, UV-vis spectroscopic analysis, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy (g = [2.155, 2.057, 2.038]), and Mössbauer (δ = 0.33 mm s(-1); ΔE(Q) = 2.04 mm s(-1)) spectroscopy. Computational methods (DFT) were employed to model complexes 3-5. The combined experimental and computational studies show that 1-3 are 5-coordinate, high-spin (S = 2) Fe(II) complexes, whereas 4 is best described as a 5-coordinate, intermediate-spin (S = 1) Fe(II) complex antiferromagnetically coupled to a ligand radical. This unique electronic configuration leads to an overall doublet spin (S(total) = 1/2) ground state. Complexes 2 and 3 are shown to react with O2 to give S-oxygenated products, as previously reported for 1. In contrast, the monoreduced 4 appears to react with O2 to give a mixture of sulfur oxygenates and iron oxygenates. The nickel(II) complex 5 does not react with O2, and even when the monoreduced nickel complex is produced, it appears to undergo only outer-sphere oxidation with O2.

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