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Scand J Gastroenterol. 2013 Oct;48(10):1222-30. doi: 10.3109/00365521.2013.830327. Epub 2013 Sep 2.

The role of capnography in endoscopy patients undergoing nurse-administered propofol sedation: a randomized study.

Author information

1
Department of Endoscopy, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte , Hellerup , Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Standard benzodiazepine/opioid cocktail has proven inferior to propofol sedation during complicated endoscopic procedures and in low-tolerance patients. Propofol is a short-acting hypnotic with a potential risk of respiratory depression at levels of moderate to deep sedation. The existing literature on capnography for endoscopy patients sedated with nurse-administered propofol sedation (NAPS) is limited. Can the addition of capnography to standard monitoring during endoscopy with NAPS reduce the number, duration, and level of hypoxia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This study was a randomized controlled trial with an intervention group (capnography) and a control group (without capnography). Eligible subjects were consecutive patients for endoscopy at Gentofte Hospital compliant with the criteria of NAPS.

RESULTS:

Five hundred and forty patients, 263 with capnography and 277 without capnography, were included in the analysis. The number and total duration of hypoxia was reduced by 39.3% and 21.1% in the intervention group compared to the control group (p > 0.05). No differences in actions taken against insufficient respiration were found. Changes in end-tidal carbon dioxide (R = 0.177, p-value < 0.001) and respiratory rate (R = 0.092, p-value < 0.001) were correlated to oxygen saturation (SpO2) up to 36 s prior to changes in SpO2.

CONCLUSIONS:

Capnography seems to reduce the number and duration of hypoxia in NAPS patients (p > 0.05). Capnography is able to detect insufficient respiration that may lead to hypoxia prior to changes in pulse oximetry. However, due to a limited clinical benefit and additional costs associated with capnography, we do not find capnography necessary during the use of NAPS.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01507623.

PMID:
23992025
DOI:
10.3109/00365521.2013.830327
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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