Send to

Choose Destination
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2013 Dec;104(6):913-24. doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-0010-6. Epub 2013 Aug 29.

Metabolic and transcriptional response of Escherichia coli with a NADP(+)-dependent glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Streptococcus mutans.

Author information

Departamento de Ingeniería Celular y Biocatálisis, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado postal 510-3, 62210, Cuernavaca, MOR, Mexico.


The NAD(+)-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase (NAD(+)-GAPDH) is a key enzyme to sustain the glycolytic function in Escherichia coli and to generate NADH. In the absence of NAD(+)-GAPDH activity, the glycolytic function can be restored through NADP(+)-dependent GAPDH heterologous expression. Here, some metabolic and transcriptional effects are described when the NAD(+)-GAPDH gene from E. coli (gapA) is replaced with the NADP(+)-GAPDH gene from Streptococcus mutans (gapN). Expression of gapN was controlled by the native gapA promoter (E. coliΔgapA::gapN) or by the constitutive trc promoter in a multicopy plasmid (E. coliΔgapA::gapN/pTrcgapN). The specific NADP(+)-GAPDH activity was 4.7 times higher in E. coliΔgapA::gapN/pTrcgapN than E. coliΔgapA::gapN. Growth, glucose consumption and acetic acid production rates increased in agreement with the NADP(+)-GAPDH activity level. Analysis of E. coliΔgapA::gapN/pTrcgapN showed that although gapN expression complemented NAD(+)-GAPDH activity, the resulting low NADH levels decreased the expression of the respiratory chain and oxidative phosphorylation genes (ndh, cydA, cyoB and atpA). In comparison with the wild type strain, E. coliΔgapA::gapN/pTrcgapN decreased the percentage of mole of oxygen consumed per mole of glucose metabolized by 40 % with a concomitant reduction of 54 % in the ATP/ADP ratio. The cellular response to avoid NADPH excess led to the overexpression of the transhydrogenase coded by udhA and the down-regulation of the pentose-phosphate and Krebs cycle genes, which reduced the CO2 production and increased the acetic acid synthesis. The E. coli strains obtained in this work can be useful for future metabolic engineering efforts aiming for the production of metabolites which biosynthesis depends on NADPH.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center