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J Perinat Med. 2014 Jan;42(1):121-7. doi: 10.1515/jpm-2013-0154.

Steroid profiling for congenital adrenal hyperplasia by tandem mass spectrometry as a second-tier test reduces follow-up burdens in a tertiary care hospital: a retrospective and prospective evaluation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) based on measuring 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) by immunoassay generates a number of false-positive results, especially in preterm neonates. We applied steroid profiling by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) as a second-tier test in newborns with positive CAH screening and evaluated its clinical utility in a tertiary care hospital setting.

METHODS:

By performing a 4-year retrospective data review, we were able to test 121 dried blood spots from newborns with positive CAH screening for 17-OHP, androstenedione and cortisol levels by LC-MS/MS. We prospectively evaluated the clinical utility of steroid profiling after the implementation of steroid profiling as a second-tier test in our routine clinical practice. During the 2-year prospective study period, 104 cases with positive initial screening by FIA were tested by LC-MS/MS. Clinical and laboratory follow-up were performed for at least 6 months.

RESULTS:

The preterm neonates accounted for 50.7% (76/150) and 70.4% (88/125) of screening-positive cases in retrospective and prospective cohorts, respectively. By applying steroid profiling as a second-tier test for positive CAH screening, we eliminated all false-positive results and decreased the median follow-up time from 75 to 8 days.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data showed that steroid profiling reduced the burden of follow-up exams by improving the positive predictive value of the CAH screening program. The use of steroid profiling as a second-tier test for positive CAH screening will improve clinical practice particularly in a tertiary care hospital setting where positive CAH screening from preterm neonates is frequently encountered.

PMID:
23989111
DOI:
10.1515/jpm-2013-0154
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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