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Opt Lett. 2013 Sep 1;38(17):3325-8. doi: 10.1364/OL.38.003325.

Propagation-invariant beams with quantum pendulum spectra: from Bessel beams to Gaussian beam-beams.

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H H Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.


We describe a new class of propagation-invariant light beams with Fourier transform given by an eigenfunction of the quantum mechanical pendulum. These beams, whose spectra (restricted to a circle) are doubly periodic Mathieu functions in azimuth, depend on a field strength parameter. When the parameter is zero, pendulum beams are Bessel beams, and as the parameter approaches infinity, they resemble transversely propagating one-dimensional Gaussian wave packets (Gaussian beam-beams). Pendulum beams are the eigenfunctions of an operator that interpolates between the squared angular momentum operator and the linear momentum operator. The analysis reveals connections with Mathieu beams, and insight into the paraxial approximation.


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