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J Asthma. 2014 Feb;51(1):69-74. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2013.838257. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

Asthma and severity of the 2009 novel H1N1 influenza: a case-control study.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Medical Center, Kandong Sacred Heart Hospital , Seoul , Korea .

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Previous studies reported that the most common chronic condition found among hospitalized patients due to the novel 2009 H1N1 influenza was asthma. However, these studies did not include a concurrent control group. Thus, we investigated the association of asthma status and severity of H1N1 influenza in adults.

METHODS:

The study was designed as a multi-site case-control study. Cases were patients who had positive PCR for H1N1 influenza and were admitted to the ICU or general ward with a diagnosis of H1N1 influenza from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2009. Controls were patients who had positive PCR for H1N1 influenza, but were not admitted to hospitals.

RESULTS:

There were 91 H1N1 cases admitted to either ICU (n = 41) or general hospital ward (n = 50), and 56 controls who met the matching criteria were available. Of the 91 cases, the mean age was 47.3 years, 59% were female, and 38% had comorbid conditions. Of the 91 cases, 12 (13%) had asthma. Stratified analysis by comorbid conditions showed that among those without any comorbid conditions, 8 of 56 cases (14%) and 2 of 49 controls (4%) had asthma, (OR: 3.92, 95% CI: 0.79-19.42, p = 0.095) whereas, among the 39 subjects with one or more comorbid conditions, one of 7 controls (14%) had asthma and 4 of 35 (11%) cases had asthma (p = 0.83).

CONCLUSIONS:

Asthma may be associated with severity of H1N1 influenza among those without any non-asthma comorbid conditions. However, the limited sample size did not allow this study to fully establish statistical significance. We still recommend asthmatics as a priority group for influenza vaccination and treatment.

PMID:
23987568
DOI:
10.3109/02770903.2013.838257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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