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Medicina (Kaunas). 2013;49(4):200-5.

Surgical treatment of ventricular septal defect following myocardial infarction: a case report.

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Department of Cardiology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.


Ventricular septal defect after myocardial infarction is a rare but often life-threatening mechanical complication. The keys of management are a prompt diagnosis of ventricular septal defect and an aggressive approach to stabilize patient's hemodynamics. Invasive monitoring, judicious use of inotropes and vasodilators, and an intra-aortic balloon pump are recommended for the optimal support of patient's hemodynamics. The best results are achieved if optimally medically managed patients survive at least 4 weeks before elective surgery necessary for scar formation in a friable infarcted tissue. We report a case of acute myocardial infarction complicated by the rupture of ventricular septum. Instead of attempting an immediate surgical closure of ventricular septal defect, the postponed surgery was successfully performed 3 weeks after the occurrence of ventricular septal defect. Preoperatively, clinical and hemodynamic conditions of the patient were maintained stable with the support of an intra-aortic balloon pump and inotropes.

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