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Plast Surg Int. 2013;2013:146764. doi: 10.1155/2013/146764. Epub 2013 Jul 24.

Complements and the wound healing cascade: an updated review.

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Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, QC, H3A 2B4, Canada.


Wound healing is a complex pathway of regulated reactions and cellular infiltrates. The mechanisms at play have been thoroughly studied but there is much still to learn. The health care system in the USA alone spends on average 9 billion dollars annually on treating of wounds. To help reduce patient morbidity and mortality related to abnormal or prolonged skin healing, an updated review and understanding of wound healing is essential. Recent works have helped shape the multistep process in wound healing and introduced various growth factors that can augment this process. The complement cascade has been shown to have a role in inflammation and has only recently been shown to augment wound healing. In this review, we have outlined the biology of wound healing and discussed the use of growth factors and the role of complements in this intricate pathway.

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