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Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2013 Mar;15(3):212-7. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.4022. Epub 2013 Mar 5.

Alcohol and drug use prevalence and factors associated with the experience of alcohol use in Iranian adolescents.

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1
Department of Reproductive Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran ; Center for Community-Based Participatory Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Alcohol and other drugs use is a problem among adolescents leading to numerous physical, social, and educational damages.

OBJECTIVE:

For determining the prevalence of alcohol and other substance use as well as the factors associated with the experience of alcohol use in adolescents.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

This is a population-based and cross-sectional study, which was conducted in August 2010 on adolescents aged 15-18 years in Tehran. Data were collected by a Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) in 1,201 adolescents. The multistage cluster sampling method was used. Questions belonging to the domain of alcohol and other substance use were analyzed.

RESULTS:

In general, 15.1% of adolescents had experienced alcohol, which is significantly higher in boys (21.9%) compared to girls (8.4%) (P = 0.000). 3.1% of adolescents had experience using opium and marijuana. 5.6% had used ecstasy. The results of multivariate logistic regression indicated that low parental control rather than medium control [AOR: 0.09], lifetime cigarette use [AOR: 10.41], having a tobacco user friend [AOR: 4.36], and having an alcohol user friend [AOR: 5.84] are factors that are significantly related to the experience of alcohol use in female adolescents. In addition, studying in private schools rather than public schools [AOR: 3.46], lifetime cigarette use [AOR: 3.41], lifetime water pipe use [AOR: 4.43], experience of sexual activity [AOR: 8.52], having an alcohol user friend [AOR: 12.60], and having a water pipe user in family [AOR: 2.98] are factors that are significantly related to the experience of alcohol use in male adolescents.

CONCLUSIONS:

We recommend interventional plans based gender aimed at improving adolescent health with regard substance abuse.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Alcohol Drinking; Iran; Prevalence

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