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J Family Community Med. 2013 May;20(2):106-12. doi: 10.4103/2230-8229.114772.

Quality of life in dialysis patients from the United Arab Emirates.

Author information

1
Office of Academic Affairs, Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization, Dhahran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The quality of life (QOL) has emerged as an important parameter for evaluating the quality of health-care for patients with renal failure. The literature suggests that many factors impact QOL. The QOL of dialysis patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has not been studied before. This research examined the QOL of patients in the UAE on dialysis using two QOL tools.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A descriptive comparative survey design was used to study 161 dialysis patients. The participants completed the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the QOL index dialysis version tool. Comparative analyses of the results for both tools were done using descriptive statistics. Multiple linear regression analysis determines the effect of the variables on the QOL scores.

RESULTS:

The questionnaires return rate was 93%. The overall QOL for dialysis patients was rated low when self-assessed using the SF-36 (58.9) compared to QOL index (77.2). The multiple regression analysis revealed that having a chronic illness had the strongest impact on the total scores of both tools. The comparison between the statistically significant variables for both samples revealed contradictory results from the two tools used. This meant that the two tools measured QOL differently.

CONCLUSION:

The two QOL tools scores impacted very differently on most socio-demographic variables on the two samples. More studies are required to explore the concept of QOL in the Arab dialysis population.

KEYWORDS:

Dialysis; Islamic religion; United Arab Emirates; quality of life

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