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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2013 Nov;12(11):3310-8. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M113.029967. Epub 2013 Aug 27.

Host-centric proteomics of stool: a novel strategy focused on intestinal responses to the gut microbiota.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical and Systems Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California;

Abstract

The diverse community of microbes that inhabits the human bowel is vitally important to human health. Host-expressed proteins are essential for maintaining this mutualistic relationship and serve as reporters on the status of host-microbiota interaction. Therefore, unbiased and sensitive methods focused on host proteome characterization are needed. Herein we describe a novel method for applying shotgun proteomics to the analysis of feces, focusing on the secreted host proteome. We have conducted the most complete analysis of the extracellular mouse gut proteome to date by employing a gnotobiotic mouse model. Using mice colonized with defined microbial communities of increasing complexity or a complete human microbiota ('humanized'), we show that the complexity of the host stool proteome mirrors the complexity of microbiota composition. We further show that host responses exhibit signatures specific to the different colonization states. We demonstrate feasibility of this approach in human stool samples and provide evidence for a "core" stool proteome as well as personalized host response features. Our method provides a new avenue for noninvasive monitoring of host-microbiota interaction dynamics via host-produced proteins in stool.

PMID:
23982161
PMCID:
PMC3820941
DOI:
10.1074/mcp.M113.029967
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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