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Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2013 Aug;34(8):709-13. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-2727.2013.08.015.

[Predicting early response to immunosuppressive therapy in severe aplastic anemia by soluble transferrin receptor assay].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, CAMS & PUMC, Tianjin 300020, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the value of serum soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) concentration in predicting early response to immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in severe aplastic anemia (SAA).

METHODS:

Clinical data and hematologic responses of 140 SAA patients treated with rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) combination with cyclosporine in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Correlation of pre-IST baseline of sTfR and IST responses was statistically analyzed and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of sTfR in prediction of early responses.

RESULTS:

Serum concentration of sTfR in very SAA (VSAA) patients were significantly lower than SAA and transfusion dependent non-SAA cases (P=0.001). The responders, especially at 3 months, had significantly higher pre- IST baseline of sTfR [median, 0.89 (range, 0.21-2.42) mg/L] than that [median, 0.58 (range, 0.13-1.88) mg/L] of non-responders (P=0.005). The cutoff level of 0.91 mg/L and 0.88 mg/L for predicting responses at 3 and 6 months were established based on the ROC curve, with the degree of accuracy of 65.0% and 60.7% respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that pre-IST baseline of sTfR was the independent factor of predicting response at 3 months (P=0.007) and at 6 months (P=0.021).

CONCLUSION:

As a indicator of bone marrow failure severity, sTfR could predict early response to IST therapy in aplastic anemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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