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Am J Cancer Res. 2013 Aug 14;3(4):339-46. eCollection 2013.

Nuclear transcription factor Y and its roles in cellular processes related to human disease.

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Department of Applied Biology, Insect Biomedical Research Center, Kyoto Institute of Technology Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8585, Japan.


Nuclear transcription factor Y (NF-Y) is an example of a transcriptional regulation factor in eukaryotes consisting of three different subunits, NF-YA, NF-YB and NF-YC, which are all necessary for formation of NF-Y complexes and binding to CCAAT boxes in promoters of its target genes. Highly conserved between human and Drosophila, NF-Y regulates transcription of various genes related to the cell cycle and various human diseases. Drosophila models have been widely used as tools for studying genetics and developmental biology and more recently for analyzing the functions of human disease genes, including those responsible for developmental and neurological disorders, cancer, cardiovascular disease and metabolic and storage diseases, as well as genes required for function of the visual, auditory and immune systems. In this review, in vivo findings from Drosophila models relevant to the roles of NF-Y in various human diseases are summarized. Recent studies have demonstrated novel contributions of dNF-Y to apoptosis and apoptosis-induced proliferation, and in photoreceptor cell differentiation during the development of the Drosophila compound eye.


Drosophila model; NF-Y; NF-YB; Transcription factors; apoptosis


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