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Planta Med. 2013 Oct;79(15):1408-12. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1350698. Epub 2013 Aug 23.

Potentiating effect of glabridin on GABAA receptor-mediated responses in dorsal raphe neurons.

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1
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Flavonoid-rich ethanol extracts of licorice root have sedative and anxiolytic effects. Glabridin is a major flavonoid component from licorice which we evaluated by examining GABA responses in acutely isolated dorsal raphe neurons of the rat. Neurons were recorded with patch-clamp methods at a holding potential of - 50 mV. Glabridin potentiated GABA-induced responses by positively modulating GABAA receptor responses with different concentration range. GABA (2 × 10(-6) M)-evoked currents were potentiated in a stepwise pattern increasing glabridin concentration. Between 10(-12) and 10(-8) M glabridin increased GABA responses by about 140 % of the control. At concentrations above 10(-7) M, a much larger, dose-dependent potentiation occurred before reaching a plateau at 3 × 10-6 M glabridin. A hypnotic drug, zolpidem, also induced biphasic concentration-potentiation relationship. The glabridin potentiation ratio was 2.2 times larger than the maximum potentiation to the benzodiazepine receptor full agonist diazepam. Benzodiazepine receptor antagonist, flumazenil (3 × 10(-7) M), failed to inhibit glabridin (3 × 10(-7) M)-induced potentiation. This result implies that glabridin may exhibit sedative and hypnotic effects by potentiating GABAergic inhibition in dorsal raphe neurons by GABAA receptor actions.

PMID:
23975867
DOI:
10.1055/s-0033-1350698
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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