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Ann Surg Oncol. 2013 Oct;20(10):3330-4. doi: 10.1245/s10434-013-3156-6. Epub 2013 Aug 22.

Incidence and predictors of neuropathic pain following breast surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA. wilsong3@ucmail.uc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Neuropathic pain (NPP) following breast surgery extends morbidity in the postoperative period. The incidence and etiology of postoperative NPP remains unclear and under-reported in literature. This study aims to define the incidence of neuropathic pain following breast surgery and to identify patient characteristics that are predictors for developing postoperative NPP.

METHODS:

Consecutive female patients undergoing breast resection surgery over a 5-year period (2008-2012) with 1-year minimum follow-up were included in this single-center study. Retrospective chart review was performed to identify patient specific characteristics including the development of post-operative NPP. Data was analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression.

RESULTS:

A total of 470 patients were identified for study inclusion. The incidence of postoperative NPP was 14.7 % (69 of 470). Significant predictors for the development of postoperative NPP in the univariate analyses included history of diabetes mellitus, diabetic neuropathy, or fibromyalgia, concomitant axillary surgery, axillary node dissection, and taxane-based chemotherapy regimen. Multivariate analysis identified African American race [odds ratio (OR) = 1.78; 95 % CI = 1.01-3.17; p = 0.05), history of diabetes mellitus (OR = 1.98; 95 % CI = 1.0-3.74; p = 0.01) or fibromyalgia (OR = 2.75; 95 % CI = 1.13-6.69; p = 0.03), and taxane-based chemotherapy regimen (OR = 2.85; 95 % CI = 1.23-6.58; p = 0.01) as being independently associated with the development of postoperative NPP.

CONCLUSIONS:

NPP is a significant risk following breast surgery. African American race, history of either diabetes mellitus or fibromyalgia, and treatment with taxane-based chemotherapy regimens are all associated with an increased risk of NPP.

PMID:
23975300
DOI:
10.1245/s10434-013-3156-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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