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Surgery. 2013 Sep;154(3):436-43. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2013.05.016.

Altered expression and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in diabetic heart during cardioplegic arrest and cardiopulmonary bypass.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Rhode Island Hospital, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02905, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We investigated whether mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are changed in the hearts of patients with diabetes after cardioplegia and cardiopulmonary bypass (CP/CPB) operations.

METHODS:

Biopsies from the right atrial appendage were harvested pre- and post-CP/CPB from nondiabetic (ND) patients (n = 8, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) = 5.4 ± 0.12); patients with controlled diabetes (CDM) (n = 8, HbA1c = 6.5 ± 0.15); and patients with uncontrolled diabetes (UDM) (n = 8, HbA1c = 9.6 ± 0.3) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The expression and/or activation of the p38-MAPK, ERK1/2, JNK, and MKP-1 in the right-atrial tissues were analyzed by Western blotting. The vasomotor function of coronary arterioles was measured by videomicroscopy.

RESULTS:

The post-CP/CPB levels of total p38-MAPK were decreased in the 3 groups as compared with their pre-CP/CPB levels (P < .05). There were increases in phospho-p38-MAPK, phospho-ERK1/2, and MKP-1 in UDM patients as compared with ND and CDM patients at baseline (P < .05). Compared to pre-CP/CPB, the post-CP/CPB levels of phospho-p38-MAPK decreased in the UDM group but were unaltered in the ND and CDM groups; however, the post-CP/CPB levels of phospho-p38-MAPK still remained greater than the post-CP/CPB levels of the other 2 groups. Post-CP/CPB levels of phospho-ERK1/2 were increased in the ND and CDM groups but were decreased in the UDM group compared to their pre-CP/CPB levels, respectively (P < .05). There were no significant differences in phospho-JNK in 3 groups at baseline. Post-CP/CPB levels of phospho-JNK, however, were increased in the 3 groups and were more pronounced in the myocardium of the UDM group (P < .05). After CP/CPB, the protein levels of MKP-1 were unchanged in the 3 groups when compared with their pre-CP/CPB levels. Post-CP/CPB levels of MKP-1, however, remained greater in the UDM group than in the ND and CDM groups. The post-CP/CPB contractile responses to the thromboxane A2 analog U46619 were significantly impaired in all 3 groups compared with pre-CP/CPB contractile responses. These impairments were more pronounced in the UDM group.

CONCLUSION:

Uncontrolled diabetes is associated with changes in expression of and activation of MAPKs and vasomotor dysfunction in the setting of CP/CPB.

PMID:
23972649
PMCID:
PMC3793891
DOI:
10.1016/j.surg.2013.05.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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