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Clin Ther. 2013 Sep;35(9):1418-22. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2013.07.428. Epub 2013 Aug 22.

Effects of dividing amlodipine daily doses on trough drug concentrations and blood pressure control over a 24-hour period.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology, Hypertension and Nephrology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Toon, Japan. Electronic address: miyoken@m.ehime-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In the treatment of hypertension, once-daily administration of long-acting antihypertensive drugs has been recommended for the improvement of treatment adherence; however, it is unclear whether dividing daily doses has the additional benefit of more ideal blood pressure (BP) control over a 24-hour period.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to investigate whether dividing a 10-mg daily dose of amlodipine, a long-acting calcium channel blocker, is associated with increased trough plasma amlodipine concentrations, reduced arterial stiffness, and improved BP control over a 24-hour period.

METHODS:

Outpatients with essential hypertension were included this open-label, 2-period crossover study. The patients were administered amlodipine 10 mg/d in 2 divided doses for 8 weeks. At week 4, blood was collected just before amlodipine administration for the evaluation of trough plasma amlodipine concentrations. At week 8, 24-hour, daytime, nighttime, and early morning BP, as well as arterial stiffness, were measured using ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), respectively. In the subsequent study period, amlodipine 10 mg/d was administered once daily, and the same tests were performed at the same timings as in period 1.

RESULTS:

Ten patients were enrolled (7 men, 3 women; mean age, 61.0 [15.3] years). Mean 24-hour BP with twice-daily administration was not significantly lower than that with once-daily administration (129.7 [7.3]/80.1 [7.9] mm Hg vs 130.5 [11.8]/80.1 [7.9] mm Hg, respectively). Similarly, there were no significant differences in daytime, nighttime, or early morning BP between twice- and once-daily administration. In addition, the differences in trough plasma amlodipine concentrations (22.37 [7.66] ng/mL vs 20.57 [8.22] ng/mL) and CAVI values (8.2 [1.8] vs 8.5 [1.0]) were not significantly different between twice- and once-daily administration.

CONCLUSIONS:

Administering amlodipine in 2 divided doses was not associated with increased trough plasma amlodipine concentrations, reduced arterial stiffness, or improved BP control over a 24-hour period in patients with essential hypertension.

KEYWORDS:

hypertension; once-daily administration; plasma amlodipine concentration; twice-daily administration

PMID:
23972579
DOI:
10.1016/j.clinthera.2013.07.428
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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