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Biochemistry. 1990 Jul 24;29(29):6851-7.

The pro domain of pre-pro-transforming growth factor beta 1 when independently expressed is a functional binding protein for the mature growth factor.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo 43699.

Abstract

Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) is proteolytically derived from the carboxyl terminus of a 390 amino acid precursor molecule termed pre-pro-TGF-beta 1. Previous studies have suggested that the pro piece of pre-pro-TGF-beta 1 may play an important role in the formation of an inactive, latent complex. These latent forms are thought to be important in the regulation of TGF-beta 1 activity. To understand this latent complex in more detail, we have expressed the pro domain of pre-pro-TGF-beta 1 in tissue culture cells independent of the mature growth factor. A stop codon was genetically engineered into the cDNA of pre-pro-TGF-beta 1 by changing the Arg-278 codon from CGA to the STOP codon TGA. The resulting protein is truncated just prior to the amino-terminal Ala residue of the mature growth factor. Transient expression studies and immunoblotting indicate that this pro piece is readily made and secreted by the COS-1 cells; the major form of the expressed pro piece, when analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, behaves as a disulfide-linked dimer (Mr 80,000). Bioassays, using mink lung indicator cells, reveal that the pro domain forms an inactive complex with exogenously added mature TGF-beta 1. Treatment of this complex with heat or acid results in the release of active TGF-beta 1, indicating an in vitro structure similar to natural, latent TGF-beta 1 complexes. The pro piece from TGF-beta 1 was also found to form latent structures with two closely related family members, TGF-beta 1.2 and TGF-beta 2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
2397217
DOI:
10.1021/bi00481a014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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