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Oncol Rep. 2013 Nov;30(5):2127-36. doi: 10.3892/or.2013.2669. Epub 2013 Aug 20.

Expression of the Arp2/3 complex in human gliomas and its role in the migration and invasion of glioma cells.

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Neuro-Oncology Laboratory, Tianjin Neurological Institute, Tianjin 300052, P.R. China.


A hallmark of directional cell migration is localized actin polymerization at the leading protrusions of the cell. The Arp2/3 complex nucleates the formation of the dendritic actin network (lamellipodia) at the leading edge of motile cells. This study was designed to investigate the role of the Arp2/3 complex in the infiltrative behavior of glioma cells. Immunofluorescence and western blotting showed a positive correlation between the expression of Arp2/3 and the malignancy of glioma specimens (r=0.686, P=0.02) and confocal microscopy demonstrated localization of the Arp2/3 complex in lamellipodia of glioma cells. Furthermore, we examined the effects of Arp2/3 complex inhibition in U251, LN229 and SNB19 glioma cells using CK666, an Arp2/3 complex inhibitor. Glioma cells lost lamellipodia and cell polarity after treatment with CK666. Inhibition of the Arp2/3 complex significantly affected the ability of glioma cells to migrate and invade. In the wound-healing assay, CK666 markedly inhibited cell migration, U251 cell migration was inhibited to 38.73±3.45% of control, LN229 cells to 57.40±2.16% of control and SNB19 cells to 34.17±3.82% of control. Also, CK666 significantly impaired Transwell chamber invasion capability of U251, LN229 and SNB19 cells compared with DMSO control by 72.70±4.86, 39.12±8.42 and 41.41±4.66%, respectively. The Arp2/3 complex is, therefore, likely to be a crucial participant in glioma cell invasion and migration, and may represent a target for therapeutic intervention.

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