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Cereb Cortex. 2015 Jan;25(1):258-70. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bht236. Epub 2013 Aug 22.

Developmental reduction of asynchronous GABA release from neocortical fast-spiking neurons.

Author information

1
Institute of Neuroscience, State Key Laboratory of Neuroscience, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, P. R. China.

Abstract

Delayed asynchronous release (AR) evoked by bursts of presynaptic action potentials (APs) occurs in certain types of hippocampal and neocortical inhibitory interneurons. Previous studies showed that AR provides long-lasting inhibition and desynchronizes the activity in postsynaptic cells. However, whether AR undergoes developmental change remains unknown. In this study, we performed whole-cell recording from fast-spiking (FS) interneurons and pyramidal cells (PCs) in prefrontal cortical slices obtained from juvenile and adult rats. In response to AP trains in FS neurons, AR occurred at their output synapses during both age periods, including FS autapses and FS-PC synapses; however, the AR strength was significantly weaker in adults than that in juveniles. Further experiments suggested that the reduction of AR in adult animals could be attributable to the rapid clearance of residual Ca(2+) from presynaptic terminals. Together, our results revealed that the AR strength was stronger at juvenile but weaker in adult, possibly resulting from changes in presynaptic Ca(2+) dynamics. AR changes may meet the needs of the neural network to generate different types of oscillations for cortical processing at distinct behavioral states.

KEYWORDS:

Ca2+ transient; asynchronous release; development; fast-spiking interneuron; inhibitory synapse

PMID:
23968835
DOI:
10.1093/cercor/bht236
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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