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Mol Pharm. 2013 Oct 7;10(10):3871-81. doi: 10.1021/mp400342f. Epub 2013 Sep 4.

Resveratrol-loaded nanoparticles based on poly(epsilon-caprolactone) and poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol) blend for prostate cancer treatment.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Laboratory of Nanomedicine, University of Sassari , 07100 Sassari, Italy.

Abstract

Nanoencapsulation of antiproliferative and chemopreventive phytoalexin trans-resveratrol (RSV) is likely to provide protection against degradation, enhancement of bioavailability, improvement in intracellular penetration and control delivery. In this study, polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) encapsulating RSV (nano-RSV) as novel prototypes for prostate cancer (PCa) treatment were designed, characterized and evaluated using human PCa cells. Nanosystems, composed of a biocompatible blend of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol) conjugate (PLGA-PEG-COOH), were prepared by a nanoprecipitation method, and characterized in terms of morphology, particle size and zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency, thermal analyses, and in vitro release studies. Cellular uptake of NPs was then evaluated in PCa cell lines DU-145, PC-3, and LNCaP using confocal fluorescence microscopy, and antiproliferative efficacy was assessed using MTT assay. With encapsulation efficiencies ranging from 74% to 98%, RSV was successfully loaded in PCL:PLGA-PEG-COOH NPs, which showed an average diameter of 150 nm. NPs were able to control the RSV release at pH 6.5 and 7.4, mimicking the acidic tumoral microenvironment and physiological conditions, respectively, with only 55% of RSV released within 7 h. In gastrointestinal simulated fluids, NPs released about 55% of RSV in the first 2 h in acidic medium, and their total RSV content within the subsequent 5 h at pH 7.4. Confocal fluorescence microscopy observations revealed that NPs were efficiently taken up by PCa cell lines. Furthermore, nano-RSV significantly improved the cytotoxicity compared to that of free RSV toward all three cell lines, at all tested concentrations (from 10 μM to 40 μM), proving a consistent sensitivity toward both the androgen-independent DU-145 and hormone-sensitive LNCaP cells. Our findings support the potential use of developed nanoprototypes for the controlled delivery of bioactive RSV for PCa chemoprevention/chemotherapy.

PMID:
23968375
PMCID:
PMC4100701
DOI:
10.1021/mp400342f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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