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PLoS One. 2013 Aug 13;8(8):e71566. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071566. eCollection 2013.

Implementation of a bundle of care to reduce surgical site infections in patients undergoing vascular surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Amphia Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands. jvanderslegt@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Surgical site infections (SSI's) are associated with severe morbidity, mortality and increased health care costs in vascular surgery.

OBJECTIVE:

To implement a bundle of care in vascular surgery and measure the effects on the overall and deep-SSI's rates.

DESIGN:

Prospective, quasi-experimental, cohort study.

METHODS:

A prospective surveillance for SSI's after vascular surgery was performed in the Amphia hospital in Breda, from 2009 through 2011. A bundle developed by the Dutch hospital patient safety program (DHPSP) was introduced in 2009. The elements of the bundle were (1) perioperative normothermia, (2) hair removal before surgery, (3) the use of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis and (4) discipline in the operating room. Bundle compliance was measured every 3 months in a random sample of surgical procedures and this was used for feedback.

RESULTS:

Bundle compliance improved significantly from an average of 10% in 2009 to 60% in 2011. In total, 720 vascular procedures were performed during the study period and 75 (10.4%) SSI were observed. Deep SSI occurred in 25 (3.5%) patients. Patients with SSI's (28,5±29.3 vs 10.8±11.3, p<0.001) and deep-SSI's (48.3±39.4 vs 11.4±11.8, p<0.001) had a significantly longer length of hospital stay after surgery than patients without an infection. A significantly higher mortality was observed in patients who developed a deep SSI (Adjusted OR: 2.96, 95% confidence interval 1.32-6.63). Multivariate analysis showed a significant and independent decrease of the SSI-rate over time that paralleled the introduction of the bundle. The SSI-rate was 51% lower in 2011 compared to 2009.

CONCLUSION:

The implementation of the bundle was associated with improved compliance over time and a 51% reduction of the SSI-rate in vascular procedures. The bundle did not require expensive or potentially harmful interventions and is therefore an important tool to improve patient safety and reduce SSI's in patients undergoing vascular surgery.

PMID:
23967222
PMCID:
PMC3742500
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0071566
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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