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Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2013 Aug;15(8):671-7.

[Long-term outcomes and factors for predicting ventricular arrhythmia in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.



To evaluate factors for predicting ventricular arrhythmia, the clinical effect of drugs on patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), and their long-term outcomes.


Six patients diagnosed with CPVT underwent a series of electrocardiograms and 24-hour Holter monitoring. β-blockers were recommended for all patients, while some patients were also prescribed propafenone and 1 patient underwent catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RDN). The characteristics of electrocardiogram, arrhythmia and long-term outcomes were monitored.


Syncope episodes did not occur any longer in 1 patient on β-blocker, but recurred in 3 other patients and 2 patients died (one due to his cessation of metoprolol for 3 months). Inverted and/or bifid T waves and abnormal U wave were observed in the precordial leads. T wave alternans was observed in 4 patients in the precordial leads. These abnormal electrocardiogram features disappeared or diminished with β-blocker treatment. All spontaneous episodes of ventricular tachycardia occurred prior to sinus tachycardia and frequent polymorphic premature ventricular contractions.


Bifid and/or inverted T waves, T wave alternans and abnormal U waves together with sinus tachycardia and frequent premature ventricular contractions are indicator for predicting ventricular arrhythmia and assessing the effect of β-blockers. Compliance with β-blocker treatment is a strong indicator of outcome.

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