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Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19(9):1368-73. doi: 10.3201/eid1909.130117.

Detection of diphtheritic polyneuropathy by acute flaccid paralysis surveillance, India.

Author information

1
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. fmateen@gmail.com

Abstract

Diphtheritic polyneuropathy is a vaccine-preventable illness caused by exotoxin-producing strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. We present a retrospective convenience case series of 15 children (6 girls)<15 years of age (mean age 5.2 years, case-fatality rate 53%, and 1 additional case-patient who was ventilator dependent at the time of last follow-up; median follow-up period 60 days) with signs and symptoms suggestive of diphtheritic polyneuropathy. All cases were identified through national acute flaccid paralysis surveillance, which was designed to detect poliomyelitis in India during 2002-2008. We also report data on detection of diphtheritic polyneuropathy compared with other causes of acute flaccid paralysis identified by this surveillance system.

KEYWORDS:

Corynebacterium diphtheriae; Guillain-Barré syndrome; India; acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system; bacteria; diphtheria; diphtheritic polyneuropathy; immunization; neurology; paralysis

PMID:
23965520
PMCID:
PMC3810918
DOI:
10.3201/eid1909.130117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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