Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Emerg Med J. 2014 Nov;31(11):899-903. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2013-202908. Epub 2013 Aug 19.

Pyrethroid poisoning: features and predictors of atypical presentations.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Kangwon, Republic of Korea.
2
New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although pyrethroids are known for low toxicity to humans, clinical systemic characteristics of pyrethroid poisoning remain undefined. We investigated atypical presentations of pyrethroid poisoning and the predictors, among those readily assessed in the emergency department.

METHODS:

59 pyrethroid poisoning cases that were diagnosed and treated at the emergency department of Wonju Severance Christian Hospital from September 2004 to December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed.

RESULTS:

Atypical presentations were seen in 22 patients (39.3%). Atypical presentations after pyrethroid poisoning included respiratory failure requiring ventilator care (10 patients, 17.9%), hypotension (systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg) (6 patients, 10.7%), pneumonia (4 patients, 7.1%), acute kidney injury (6 patients, 10.7%), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) <15 (19 patients, 33.9%), seizure (2 patients, 3.6%) and death (2 patients, 3.6%). There were differences between atypical versus typical groups in terms of age (62.1±3.7 vs 51.0±2.9, p=0.020), ingested amounts (300 (IQR 100-338) cc vs 100 (IQR 50-300) cc, p=0.002), and bicarbonate and serum lactate (17.4±1.1 vs 20.5±0.4, p=0.011; and 4.42 (IQR 3.60-7.91) mmol/L vs 3.01 (IQR 2.16-4.73) mmol/L, p=0.010, respectively) in initial arterial blood gas analysis. Predictors of the atypical presentations were ingested amount and serum lactate ((OR 1.004, 95% CI 1.001 to 1.008, p=0.013) and (OR 1.387, CI 1.074 to 1.791, p=0.012), respectively). The optimal points were 250 cc and 3.5 mmol/dL.

CONCLUSIONS:

39.3% of pyrethroid poisoned patients had atypical presentations with the most common being respiratory failure requiring ventilator care. Predictors of atypical presentation were ingested amount >250 cc and serum lactate >3.5 mmol/L.

KEYWORDS:

toxicology

PMID:
23959805
DOI:
10.1136/emermed-2013-202908
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center