Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2013 Aug 19;8:30. doi: 10.1186/1747-597X-8-30.

Eating disorders and anabolic androgenic steroids in males--similarities and differences in self-image and psychiatric symptoms.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. tabita.bjork@orebroll.se.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Body dissatisfaction is common among both females and males. Dissatisfaction with the body is a risk factor both for onset of eating disorders and for abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). Few studies have however investigated if there are other similarities in respect to self-image or psychiatric symptoms between clinical samples of eating disordered males and males in treatment for negative effects of AAS use.

AIM:

The aim of this study was to compare two clinical samples, one of males with ED and one of males who used AAS, regarding self-image and psychiatric symptoms.

METHODS:

This study compared males with eating disorders (n = 13) and males who recently stopped AAS use (n = 29) on self-image and psychiatric symptoms, using The Structural Analysis of Social Behavior self-questionnaire and a shortened version of The Symptom Check List.

RESULTS:

The eating disorder group reported significantly lower scores for Self-emancipation and Active self-love and higher scores for Self-blame and Self-hate. Both groups reported serious psychiatric symptoms. The common denominator between groups was serious psychiatric symptomatology rather than negative self-image.

CONCLUSIONS:

The negative self-image profile, especially self-hate, found among males with Eating Disorders may indicate that the studied groups differ in aetiology of the underlying problems. The serious psychiatric symptoms in both groups call staff to pay attention to any thoughts of suicide due to severe depressive symptoms where by specialized psychiatric treatment may be needed.

PMID:
23958408
PMCID:
PMC3751698
DOI:
10.1186/1747-597X-8-30
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center