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Colloid Polym Sci. 2013;291:2181-2189. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

Alternating copolymerization of carbon dioxide and cyclohexene oxide catalyzed by salen CoIII(acetate) complexes.

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College of Chemistry & Pharmacy, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, 266109 China.


A series of CoIII carboxylate based upon N,N,O,O-tetradentate Schiff base ligand framework have been prepared. X-ray diffraction analysis confirms that these Schiff base CoIII carboxylate are all monomeric species with a six-coordinated central Co in their solid structures. The activities and polycarbonate selectivity of these complexes toward the copolymerization of epoxide (cyclohexene oxide and propylene oxide) and carbon dioxide have been investigated in the presence of bis(triphenylphosphine)iminium chloride. Copolymerization experiments indicate that [bis(α-methyl-3,5-di-tertbutyl-salicylaldehyde) ethylenediiminato] CoIIIOOCH3 exhibits the highest activity and polycarbonate selectivity among these CoIII carboxylate. The resultant copolymer contained almost 100 % carbonate linkages with the molecular weight up to 71.8 kg mol-1 as well as narrow polymer dispersity index (polymer dispersity index = 1.5). The substituents and the mode of the bridging part between the two nitrogen atoms both exert significant influences upon the progress of the copolymerizations, influencing both the polycarbonate selectivity and the rate of copolymerization.


Biodegradable; Carbon dioxide; Copolymerization; Poly(cyclohexene oxide); Polycarbonates

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