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Head Neck. 2014 Sep;36(9):1296-304. doi: 10.1002/hed.23457. Epub 2013 Nov 18.

Autologous fat transplantation for the temporalis muscle flap donor site: our experience with 45 cases.

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Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.



Temporal depression after temporalis muscle flap transposition is characterized by a concavity of the soft tissue and associated with the relief of the orbital rim and zygomatic arch. The purpose of this study was to describe the use of autologous fat grafting for the treatment of postsurgical temporal contour deformities.


Between March 2008 and April 2011, 45 patients were treated with lipofilling. A virtual 3-dimensional preoperative assessment was used to objectively quantify the loss of volume of the affected side. Two different methods were used to evaluate the surgical outcomes.


A noticeable soft tissue augmentation of the temporal region was noted in all cases. In 35 patients, a second procedure was required and in 1 patient, a third procedure was required. The final result was assessed as fully satisfactory by 39 patients (86.6%), as satisfactory by 5 patients (11.1%), and as unsatisfactory by 1 patient (2.2%).


We believe that structural fat grafting at the temporalis muscle flap donor site is an effective technique that provides a high satisfaction rate and only a few complications.


autologous fat transplantation; lipofilling; temporal donor site; temporalis muscle flap; virtual preoperative planning

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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