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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2013 Oct;139(10):1681-9. doi: 10.1007/s00432-013-1490-5. Epub 2013 Aug 18.

Predictive value of sphingosine kinase 1 expression in neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Goethe University Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurter, Germany.



Sphingolipids play important roles in apoptosis and cell proliferation. Sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) expression has a prognostic impact in primary breast cancer, but its predictive value is currently unknown.


A total of 112 breast cancer specimens from a prospective neoadjuvant chemotherapy trial (GeparDuo) were studied. Using tissue microarrays of pre-treatment core cut biopsies, we determined the expression of SphK1 by immunohistochemistry. The upper quartile of the cohort according to an immune reactive score of SphK1 was used as cutoff for high expression.


We observed a larger number of samples with high SphK1 expression among ER-negative cancers (36.8 vs. 20.5 % among ER-positive cancers; Fisher test p = 0.073). Eighteen of the 112 patients demonstrated a pathological complete response. A significant predictive value for pathological complete response was observed for ER negativity (p = 0.003), young age (p = 0.037), and high tumor grade (p = 0.049). An increased pCR rate was observed in tumors with high SphK1 expression within the luminal subtype (26.7 vs. 5.8 %; Fisher test p = 0.040). No significant difference in survival was detected according to SphK1 expression.


Our results suggest that SphK1 may be a predictive factor for pCR after neoadjuvant treatment in luminal type breast cancers and warrants further investigation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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