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PLoS One. 2013 Aug 8;8(8):e71022. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071022. eCollection 2013.

NCI-H295R, a human adrenal cortex-derived cell line, expresses purinergic receptors linked to Ca²⁺-mobilization/influx and cortisol secretion.

Author information

1
Pharmacology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. harrywestjpjp@yahoo.co.jp

Abstract

Purinergic receptor expression and involvement in steroidogenesis were examined in NCI-H295R (H295R), a human adrenal cortex cell line which expresses all the key enzymes necessary for steroidogenesis. mRNA/protein for multiple P1 (A(2A) and A(2B)), P2X (P2X₅ and P2X₇), and P2Y (P2Y₁, P2Y₂, P2Y₆, P2Y₁₂, P2Y₁₃, and P2Y₁₄) purinergic receptors were detected in H295R. 2MeS-ATP (10-1000 µM), a P2Y₁ agonist, induced glucocorticoid (GC) secretion in a dose-dependent manner, while other extracellular purine/pyrimidine agonists (1-1000 µM) had no distinct effect on GC secretion. Extracellular purines, even non-steroidogenic ones, induced Ca²⁺-mobilization in the cells, independently of the extracellular Ca²⁺ concentration. Increases in intracellular Ca²⁺ concentration induced by extracellular purine agonists were transient, except when induced by ATP or 2MeS-ATP. Angiotensin II (AngII: 100 nM) and dibutyryl-cyclic AMP (db-cAMP: 500 µM) induced both GC secretion and Ca²⁺-mobilization in the presence of extracellular Ca²⁺ (1.2 mM). GC secretion by AngII was reduced by nifedipine (10-100 µM); whereas the Ca²⁺ channel blocker did not inhibit GC secretion by 2MeS-ATP. Thapsigargin followed by extracellular Ca²⁺ exposure induced Ca²⁺-influx in H295R, and the cells expressed mRNA/protein of the component molecules for store-operated calcium entry (SOCE): transient receptor C (TRPC) channels, calcium release-activated calcium channel protein 1 (Orai-1), and the stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1). In P2Y₁-knockdown, 2MeS-ATP-induced GC secretion was significantly inhibited. These results suggest that H295R expresses a functional P2Y₁ purinergic receptor for intracellular Ca²⁺-mobilization, and that P2Y₁ is linked to SOCE-activation, leading to Ca²⁺-influx which might be necessary for glucocorticoid secretion.

PMID:
23951072
PMCID:
PMC3738630
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0071022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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