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PLoS One. 2013 Aug 12;8(8):e70893. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070893. eCollection 2013.

Comparison of various anthropometric and body fat indices in identifying cardiometabolic disturbances in Chinese men and women.

Author information

1
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although many adiposity indices may be used to predict obesity-related health risks, uncertainty remains over which of them performs best.

OBJECTIVE:

This study compared the predictive capability of direct and indirect adiposity measures in identifying people at higher risk of metabolic abnormalities.

METHODS:

This population-based cross-sectional study recruited 2780 women and 1160 men. Body weight and height, waist circumference (WC), and hip circumference (HC) were measured and body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were calculated. Body fat (and percentage of fat) over the whole body and the trunk were determined by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Blood pressure, fasting lipid profiles, and glucose and urine acid levels were assessed.

RESULTS:

In women, the ROC and the multivariate logistic regression analyses both showed that WHtR consistently had the best performance in identifying hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, diabetes/IFG, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). In men, the ROC analysis showed that WHtR was the best predictor of hypertension, WHtR and WC were equally good predictors of dyslipidemia and MetS, and WHtR was the second-best predictor of hyperuricemia and diabetes/IFG. The multivariate logistic regression also found WHtR to be superior in discriminating between MetS, diabetes/IFG, and dyslipidemia while BMI performed better in predicting hypertension and hyperuricemia in men. The BIA-derived indices were the second-worst predictors for all of the endpoints, and HC was the worst.

CONCLUSION:

WHtR was the best predictor of various metabolic abnormalities. BMI may be used as an alternative measure of obesity for identifying hypertension in both sexes.

PMID:
23951031
PMCID:
PMC3741370
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0070893
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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