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Int J Surg Case Rep. 2013;4(10):803-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2013.05.018. Epub 2013 Jul 16.

Spontaneous bleeding from liver after open heart surgery.

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Department of General Surgery, Armed Forces Hospital, Khamis Mushayt 61961, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:



Intra-abdominal hemorrhage after open heart surgery is very uncommon in routine clinical practice. There are case reports of having bleeding from spleen or liver after starting low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) postoperatively.


Our patient is a 58-year-old man with mitral valve regurgitation, who underwent mitral valve repair and developed intra-abdominal hemorrhage 8h after open heart surgery. The exploratory laparotomy revealed the source of bleeding from ruptured sub-capsular liver hematoma and oozing from raw areas of the liver surface. Liver packing was done to control the bleeding.


The gastrointestinal complications after open heart surgery are rare and spontaneous bleeding from spleen has been reported. This is the first case from our hospital to have intra-abdominal hemorrhage after open heart surgery.


Spontaneous bleeding from liver is a possible complication after open heart surgery. We submit the case for the academic interest and to discuss the possible cause of hemorrhage.


Intra-abdominal hemorrhage/etiology; Liver hematoma/spontaneous; Low-molecular weight heparin/adverse effects; Open heart surgery/complications

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