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Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2014 Apr;20(4):317-27. doi: 10.1089/ten.TEC.2013.0298. Epub 2013 Oct 12.

Amniotic membrane scaffolds enable the development of tissue-engineered urothelium with molecular and ultrastructural properties comparable to that of native urothelium.

Author information

1
1 Institute of Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana , Ljubljana, Slovenia .

Abstract

The amniotic membrane (AM) is a naturally derived biomaterial that possesses biological and mechanical properties of great importance for tissue engineering. The aim of our study was to determine whether the AM enables the formation of a normal urinary bladder epithelium-urothelium--and to reveal any differences in the urothelial cell (UC) growth and differentiation when using different AM scaffolds. Cryopreserved human AM was used as a scaffold in three different ways. Normal porcine UCs were seeded on the AM epithelium (eAM), denuded AM (dAM), and stromal AM (sAM) and were cultured for 3 weeks. UC growth on AM scaffolds was monitored daily. By using electron microscopy, histochemical and immunofluorescence techniques, we here provide evidence that all three AM scaffolds enable the development of the urothelium. The fastest growth and the highest differentiation of UCs were demonstrated on the sAM scaffold, which enables the development of tissue-engineered urothelium with molecular and ultrastructural properties comparable to that of the native urothelium. Most importantly, the highly differentiated urothelia on the sAM scaffolds provide important experimental models for future drug delivery studies and developing tissue engineering strategies considering that subtle differences are identified before translation to the clinical settings.

PMID:
23947657
PMCID:
PMC3968885
DOI:
10.1089/ten.TEC.2013.0298
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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