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Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2015;18(5):527-32. doi: 10.1080/10255842.2013.819857. Epub 2013 Aug 15.

Is a standalone inertial measurement unit accurate and precise enough for quantification of movement symmetry in the horse?

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a Department of Clinical Sciences and Services , The Royal Veterinary College, University of London , Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield AL9 7TA , UK.


Standalone 'low-cost' inertial measurement units (IMUs) could facilitate large-scale studies into establishing minimal important differences (MID) for orthopaedic deficits (lameness) in horses. We investigated accuracy and limits of agreement (LoA) after correction of magnitude-dependent differences of a standalone 6 degree-of-freedom IMU compared with an established IMU-based gait analysis system (MTx) in six horses for two anatomical landmarks (sacrum and sternum). Established symmetry measures were calculated from vertical displacement: symmetry index (SI), difference between minima (MinDiff) and difference between maxima (MaxDiff). For the sacrum, LoA were ± 0.095 for SI, ± 6.6 mm for MinDiff and ± 4.3 mm for MaxDiff. For the sternum, LoA values were ± 0.088 for SI, ± 5.0 mm for MinDiff and ± 4.2 mm for MaxDiff. Compared with reference data from mildly lame horses, SI values indicate sufficient precision, whereas MinDiff and MaxDiff values are less favourable. Future studies should investigate specific calibration and processing algorithms further improving standalone IMU performance.


accuracy and precision; clinical decision-making; horse; inertial measurement unit; movement symmetry

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