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J Biol Chem. 1990 Sep 15;265(26):15449-54.

An ATP-modulated specific association of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase with human erythrocyte glucose transporter.

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Biophysical Laboratory and Medical Service, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Buffalo, New York.


Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase was found to bind in vitro to purified, human erythrocyte glucose transporter reconstituted into vesicles. Mild tryptic digestion of the glucose transporter totally inactivated the binding, suggesting that the cytoplasmic domain of the transporter is involved in the binding to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. The binding was abolished in the presence of antisera raised against the purified glucose transporter, further supporting specificity of this interaction. The binding was reversible with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 3.3 x 10(-6) M and a total capacity (Bt) of approximately 30 nmol/mg of protein indicating a stoichiometry of one enzyme-tetramer per accessible transporter. The binding was sensitive to changes in pH showing an optimum at around pH 7.0. KCl and NaCl inhibited the binding in a simple dose-dependent manner with Ki of 40 and 20 mM, respectively. The binding was also inhibited by NAD+ with an estimated Ki of 3 mM. ATP, on the other hand, enhanced the binding by up to 3-fold in a dose-dependent manner with an apparent Ka of approximately 6 mM. The binding was not affected by D-glucose or cytochalasin B. The binding did not affect either the glucose or cytochalasin B in binding affinities or the transport activity of the transporter. However, the enzyme was inactivated totally upon binding to the transporter. Based on these findings, we suggest that a significant portion of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in human erythrocytes exists as an inactive form via an ATP-dependent, reversible association with glucose transporter, and that this association may exert regulatory intervention on nucleotide metabolism in vitro.

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