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J Biol Chem. 1990 Sep 5;265(25):15224-30.

Cloning, sequence analysis, and expression of ligninolytic phenoloxidase genes of the white-rot basidiomycete Coriolus hirsutus.

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Central Research Laboratory, Oji Paper Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.


Two cDNAs and two genomic DNAs coding for the allelic forms of the ligninolytic phenoloxidase were isolated from the white-rot fungus Coriolus hirsutus. The cloned genes were identified in genetic libraries by hybridization screening using four deoxyoligonucleotide probes which corresponded to the partial amino acid sequence of the purified enzyme. Each cDNA encoded the full-length of the phenoloxidase, a protein consisting of 499 amino acid residues, and its putative signal peptide of 21 amino acid residues. The nucleotide sequences of the two alleles differed by 18 single base changes within the open reading frames resulting in one amino acid substitution. Ten small introns interrupted both genomic DNAs as indicated by direct comparison with the corresponding cDNAs. Putative eukaryotic regulatory sequences, "CAAT" and "TATA," were observed in the 5'-flanking region of both genomic DNAs. Each of the phenoloxidase cDNAs was successfully expressed in an active form in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using the useful yeast expression vector YEp51.

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