Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nucleic Acids Res. 2013 Nov;41(20):9438-60. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkt702. Epub 2013 Aug 13.

Genome-wide analysis of Staufen-associated mRNAs identifies secondary structures that confer target specificity.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, 1 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A8, Department of Cell & Systems Biology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6, Department of Biology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6, Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, 1 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A8 and Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, 160 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3E1.

Abstract

Despite studies that have investigated the interactions of double-stranded RNA-binding proteins like Staufen with RNA in vitro, how they achieve target specificity in vivo remains uncertain. We performed RNA co-immunoprecipitations followed by microarray analysis to identify Staufen-associated mRNAs in early Drosophila embryos. Analysis of the localization and functions of these transcripts revealed a number of potentially novel roles for Staufen. Using computational methods, we identified two sequence features that distinguish Staufen's target transcripts from non-targets. First, these Drosophila transcripts, as well as those human transcripts bound by human Staufen1 and 2, have 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) that are 3-4-fold longer than unbound transcripts. Second, the 3'UTRs of Staufen-bound transcripts are highly enriched for three types of secondary structures. These structures map with high precision to previously identified Staufen-binding regions in Drosophila bicoid and human ARF1 3'UTRs. Our results provide the first systematic genome-wide analysis showing how a double-stranded RNA-binding protein achieves target specificity.

PMID:
23945942
PMCID:
PMC3814352
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gkt702
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center