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Am Fam Physician. 2013 Aug 15;88(4):241-8.

Childhood eye examination.

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1
Department of Family Medicine at Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA. amanda.bell@wright.edu

Erratum in

  • Am Fam Physician. 2014 Jan 15;89(2):76.

Abstract

Vision screening in children is an ongoing process, with components that should occur at each well-child visit. The purpose is to detect risk factors and visual abnormalities that necessitate treatment and to identify those patients who require referral to an ophthalmologist skilled in examining children. Screening can reveal conditions commonly treated in primary care and can aid in discussion of visual concerns with parents or caregivers. Vision screening begins with a review of family and personal vision history to identify risk factors requiring referral, including premature birth, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, and a family history of strabismus, amblyopia, retinoblastoma, childhood glaucoma, childhood cataracts, or ocular or genetic systemic disease. Visual acuity measurement and external ocular examination are performed to recognize refractive error, childhood glaucoma, and various ocular conditions. Evaluation of fixation and alignment can identify amblyopia or strabismus. Red reflex examination is used to diagnose retinoblastoma, childhood cataracts, and other ocular abnormalities.

PMID:
23944727
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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