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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2013 Jul;88(1):012802. Epub 2013 Jul 1.

Programmable ion-sensitive transistor interfaces. II. Biomolecular sensing and manipulation.

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School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.


The chemoreceptive neuron metal-oxide-semiconductor transistor described in the preceding paper is further used to monitor the adsorption and interaction of DNA molecules and subsequently manipulate the adsorbed biomolecules with injected static charge. Adsorption of DNA molecules onto poly-L-lysine-coated sensing gates (SGs) modulates the floating gate (FG) potential ψ(O), which is reflected as a threshold voltage shift measured from the control gate (CG) V(th_CG). The asymmetric capacitive coupling between the CG and SG to the FG results in V(th_CG) amplification. The electric field in the SG oxide E(SG_ox) is fundamentally different when we drive the current readout with V(CG) and V(ref) (i.e., the potential applied to the CG and reference electrode, respectively). The V(CG)-driven readout induces a larger E(SG_ox), leading to a larger V(th_CG) shift when DNA is present. Simulation studies indicate that the counterion screening within the DNA membrane is responsible for this effect. The DNA manipulation mechanism is enabled by tunneling electrons (program) or holes (erase) onto FGs to produce repulsive or attractive forces. Programming leads to repulsion and eventual desorption of DNA, while erasing reestablishes adsorption. We further show that injected holes or electrons prior to DNA addition either aids or disrupts the immobilization process, which can be used for addressable sensor interfaces. To further substantiate DNA manipulation, we used impedance spectroscopy with a split ac-dc technique to reveal the net interface impedance before and after charge injection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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