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Eur J Hum Genet. 2014 Apr;22(4):492-6. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2013.184. Epub 2013 Aug 14.

Sequestosome-1 (SQSTM1) sequence variants in ALS cases in the UK: prevalence and coexistence of SQSTM1 mutations in ALS kindred with PDB.

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Neurogenetics Group, Division of Brain Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London, UK.


Mutations in the SQSTM1 gene have been reported to be associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We sought to determine the frequency of these mutations in a UK familial ALS (FALS) cohort. Sequences of all eight exons of the SQSTM1 gene were analysed in index cases from 61 different FALS kindred lacking known FALS mutations. Six exonic variants c.463G>A, p.(Glu155Lys), c.822G>C, p.(Glu274Asp), c.888G>T, p.(=), c.954C>T, p.(=), c.1038G>A, p.(=) and c.1175C>T, p.(Pro392Leu) were identified in five FALS index cases, three of which were non-synonymous and three were synonymous. One index case harboured three variants (c.822G>C, c.888G>T and c.954C>T), and a second index case harboured two variants (c.822G>C and c.954C>T). Only the p.(Pro392Leu) and p.(Glu155Lys) mutations were predicted to be pathogenic. In one p.(Pro392Leu) kindred, the carrier developed both ALS and Paget's disease of bone (PDB), and, in the p.(Glu155Lys) kindred, the father of the proband developed PDB. All p.(Pro392Leu) carriers were heterozygous for a previously reported founder haplotype for PDB, where this mutation has an established causal effect. The frequency of the p.(Pro392Leu) mutation in this UK FALS cohort was 2.3% and 0.97% overall including three previously screened FALS cohorts. Our results confirm the presence of the p.(Pro392Leu) SQSTM1 mutation in FALS. This mutation is the most common SQSTM1 mutation found in ALS to date, and a likely pathogenicity is supported by having an established causal role in PDB. The occurrence of the same mutation in ALS and PDB is indicative of a common pathogenic pathway that converges on protein homeostasis.

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