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Chemosphere. 2013 Oct;93(7):1419-23. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.07.026. Epub 2013 Aug 12.

Hydroxylation of bisphenol A by hyper lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete sordida YK-624 under non-ligninolytic condition.

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1
Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529, Japan.

Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the representative compounds of the endocrine disrupting compounds group and the highest volume chemicals produced worldwide. As a result, BPA is often detected in many soil and water environments. In this study, we demonstrated the transformation of BPA from liquid cultures inoculated with hyper lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete sordida YK-624. Under non-ligninolytic condition, approximately 80% of BPA was eliminated after 7d of incubation. High-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectra and nuclear magnetic resonance analyses of a metabolite isolated from the culture supernatant suggested that BPA was metabolized to hydroxy-BPA, 4-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propan-2-yl)benzene-1,2-diol, which has a much lower estrogenic activity than BPA. In addition, we investigated the effect of the cytochrome P450 inhibitor piperonyl butoxide (PB) on the hydroxylation of BPA, markedly lower transformation activity of BPA was observed in cultures containing PB. These results suggest that cytochrome P450 plays an important role in the hydroxylation of BPA by P. sordida YK-624 under non-ligninolytic condition.

KEYWORDS:

Bisphenol A; Cytochrome P450; Hydroxylation; Phanerochaete sordida YK-624

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