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J Chin Med Assoc. 2013 Oct;76(10):570-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jcma.2013.07.001. Epub 2013 Aug 12.

The prognostic value of circumferential resection margin in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after concurrent chemoradiation therapy and surgery.

Author information

1
Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital and National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Koo-Foundation Sun Yat-Sen Cancer Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite the significant advances in surgical techniques and multimodality treatments for esophageal cancer, the overall survival remains unsatisfactory. During the past years, efforts were made to determine the prognostic factors that would help in identifying patients suitable for surgery or guiding adjuvant therapy. Positive circumferential resection margins (CRMs) in esophageal cancer have been previously linked with poor prognosis, but their impact on survival remains controversial in patients treated by a multimodality protocol. The aim of our study was to examine the significance of tumor involvement of CRM in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by esophagectomy.

METHODS:

Between 2000 and 2010, 94 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients who received preoperative concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by surgery were enrolled in our study. We focused on the CRM, which was defined microscopically as clear (negative) or involved (positive). Univariate and multivariate survival analyses were performed with overall survival as the endpoint.

RESULTS:

Our cohort was predominantly male (94.7%) with a median age of 57 years. All of them received concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by esophagectomy. Overall, 17 patients (18.1%) had positive CRM. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that the 5-year overall survival of patients with clear and involved CRM is 60.1% and 11.8%, respectively (log rank p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis with the Cox proportional hazard model demonstrated that CRM involvement is a significant prognostic factor for overall survival (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

In patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent trimodality treatment, CRM involvement is a significant risk factor predicting survival. Additional effort is required to achieve a clear CRM in esophageal cancer treatment.

KEYWORDS:

circumferential resection margin; concurrent chemoradiation therapy; esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

PMID:
23938149
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcma.2013.07.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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