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Brain Struct Funct. 2014 Nov;219(6):2071-81. doi: 10.1007/s00429-013-0624-5. Epub 2013 Aug 11.

Cell-type specific increases in female hamster nucleus accumbens spine density following female sexual experience.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience, University of Minnesota, 6-145 Jackson Hall, 321 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.

Abstract

Female sexual behavior is an established model of a naturally motivated behavior which is regulated by activity within the mesolimbic dopamine system. Repeated activation of the mesolimbic circuit by female sexual behavior elevates dopamine release and produces persistent postsynaptic alterations to dopamine D1 receptor signaling within the nucleus accumbens. Here we demonstrate that sexual experience in female Syrian hamsters significantly increases spine density and alters morphology selectively in D1 receptor-expressing medium spiny neurons within the nucleus accumbens core, with no corresponding change in dopamine receptor binding or protein expression. Our findings demonstrate that previous life experience with a naturally motivated behavior has the capacity to induce persistent structural alterations to the mesolimbic circuit that can increase reproductive success and are analogous to the persistent structural changes following repeated exposure to many drugs of abuse.

PMID:
23934655
PMCID:
PMC3877203
DOI:
10.1007/s00429-013-0624-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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