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Z Rheumatol. 2013 Nov;72(9):910-5. doi: 10.1007/s00393-013-1231-9.

[Urological comorbidities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis : literature review].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
2. Med. Abteilung, Abteilung für Rheumatologie, Kaiser Franz-Josef-Spital, Sozialmedizinisches Zentrum Süd, Kundratstr., 1100, Wien, Österreich, friedl.urologie@gmail.com.

Abstract

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an increased risk of urolithiasis which is further negatively impacted by a reduced bone density. Interstitial cystitis also tends to occur more often in patients with rheumatic diseases. The high incidence of bacterial urogenital infections is influenced by the use of immunomodulating drugs. Many RA patients have to undergo numerous tests until a diagnosis is reached and are then treated as outpatients on a tightly controlled schedule. Despite a closely controlled rheumatological follow-up, urological screening and determination of a baseline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value (in men over 45 years old) should not be neglected. In patients with an increased risk of renal and bladder neoplasms or when such a diagnosis is known, the benefit of long-term use of high doses of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID, aspirin type) should be carefully weighed up with a risk profile and after specialist urological assessment. Patients who suffer from sexual dysfunction due to physical limitations and prolonged medical therapy should undergo urological and gynecological assessment to exclude contributing causes. The use of aphrodisiacs and erection-enhancing drugs (e.g. PDE5 inhibitors, local injection with prostaglandins and vacuum therapy) require prior approval by a medical specialist and also cardiovascular stability. Acute urinary retention is more common in chronic inflammatory musculoskeletal diseases.

PMID:
23934052
DOI:
10.1007/s00393-013-1231-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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