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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2013 Oct;34(10):1292-300. doi: 10.1038/aps.2013.87. Epub 2013 Aug 12.

Modulation of A₂a receptor antagonist on D₂ receptor internalization and ERK phosphorylation.

Author information

1
CAS Key Laboratory of Receptor Research and Department of Neuropharmacology, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To explore the effects of heterodimerization of D2 receptor/A2a receptor (D2R/A2aR) on D2R internalization and D2R downstream signaling in primary cultured striatal neurons and HEK293 cells co-expressing A2aR and D2R in vitro.

METHODS:

Primary cultured rat striatal neurons and HEK293 cells co-expressing A2aR and D2R were treated with A2aR- or D2R-specific agonists. D2R internalization was detected using a biotinylation assay and confocal microscopy. ERK, Src kinase and β-arrestin were measured using Western blotting. The interaction between A2aR and D2R was detected using bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) and immunoprecipitation.

RESULTS:

D2R and A2aR were co-localized and formed complexes in striatal neurons, while both the receptors formed heterodimers in the HEK293 cells. In striatal neurons and the HEK293 cells, the D2R agonist quinpirole (1 μmol/L) marked increased Src phosphorylation and β-arrestin recruitment, thereby D2R internalization. Co-treatment with the A2aR antagonist ZM241385 (100 nmol/L) significantly attenuated these D2R-mediated changes. Furthermore, both ZM241385 (100 nmol/L) and the specific Src kinase inhibitor PP2 (5 μmol/L) blocked D2R-mediated ERK phosphorylation. Moreover, expression of the mutant β-arrestin (319-418) significantly attenuated D2R-mediated ERK phosphorylation in HEK293 cells expressing both D2R and A2aR, but not in those expressing D2R alone.

CONCLUSION:

A2aR antagonist ZM241385 significantly attenuates D2R internalization and D2R-mediated ERK phosphorylation in striatal neurons, involving Src kinase and β-arrestin. Thus, A2aR/D2R heterodimerization plays important roles in D2R downstream signaling.

PMID:
23933651
PMCID:
PMC4002162
DOI:
10.1038/aps.2013.87
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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