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Health Place. 2013 Sep;23:165-70. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.07.003. Epub 2013 Jul 24.

Characteristics of tobacco retailers in New Zealand.

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Cancer Society Social & Behavioural Research Unit, Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand.


Using data on known tobacco outlets throughout NZ, GIS was used to map outlets, deprivation and secondary schools. A total of 5008 tobacco outlets were identified, giving a density of one outlet per 617 people or one outlet per 129 smokers. One-half of secondary schools had an outlet within 500 m. Tobacco outlets were more densely located in areas of higher socioeconomic deprivation. One third of all tobacco outlets had a licence to sell alcohol. This study indicates the widespread retail availability of tobacco and the need for a mandatory system of registration for better enforcement of smokefree legislation.


Density; New Zealand; School; Spatial characteristics; Tobacco retailer

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